Haikara-san ga Tōru (はいからさんが通る), also known as Smart-san or Mademoiselle Anne, is a Japanese shōjo manga series by Waki Yamato. It was serialized by Kodansha in the magazine Shōjo Friend from 1975 to 1977. The title can be literally translated into English as Here Comes Miss Modern, Here Comes Miss High-Collar ("haikara" being the Japanese version of "high collar"), or Fashionable Girl Passing By. In 1977, it was awarded the 1st Kodansha Manga Award for shōjo.
The series was later adapted into an anime television series in Japan, produced by Nippon Animation, TV Asahi, and other local stations across the country from June 3, 1978 to March 31, 1979. The anime was later rebroadcast across Japan on the anime satellite television network Animax and on NHK satellite channel BS2. The manga was also adapted into three television drama specials and theatrical film. Two new anime films have been announced with the first film to be released in 2017 and second film in 2018. In 2017, the story was also adapted for the musical theatre of the Takarazuka Revue.
Set in the 1920s during the Taisho era, the story follows the high-spirited Benio Hanamura, who lost her mother at a very young age and was raised by her father, a high-ranking official in the Japanese army. As a result, she has grown into a tomboy -- contrary to traditional Japanese notions of femininity, she studies kendo, drinks sake, preferring literature over housework, and dresses in often outlandish-looking Western fashions instead of the traditional kimono. She also rejects the idea of arranged marriages and believes in a woman's right to a career and to marry for love.
One day after falling down a tree, she was caught by a handsome half-German lieutenant named Shinobu Ijuin. Although disliking Shinobu at first and their moments together progressed through a series of embarrassing situations, Benio was further surprised that Shinobu is actually her future husband through an arranged marriage. It was an encounter of destiny as their relationship took many twists and turns, through great distances and complications in the near future.